Oxidative Stress, the antioxidant systems and how they effect our health.

Written by Lee Stevenson. Sorry I am not a very good editor.

 

This is not medical advice, I am posting this for educational and informational purposes.

People have come to view oxidative stress as a villain but it is needed to remain healthy. It is when oxidative stress reaches levels that cause an imbalance is when it becomes a problem. The key to healing is balancing the antioxidant and oxidative stress systems.

This is a basic description of oxidative stress.

https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/supplements-remedies/stumped-by-oxidative-stress/

This is a fairly accurate description of oxidative stress but they mention folic acid which is man made and toxic and can build up in the body causing many health problems including cancer. If you take supplements make sure they contain folate not folic acid.

https://doctordoni.com/2017/12/what-causes-oxidative-stress/

If you want a more in depth explanation this is a good link to follow.

https://healthjade.com/oxidative-stress/

Excess Oxidative stress leads to chronic illness there is a test to see if you have excess oxidative stress. If you do not get it resolved you cannot heal. You can get a test to check oxidative stress levels.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009898103004534

This a small list of illnesses caused by oxidative stress.

http://www.oxidativestressresource.org/

https://www.verywellhealth.com/oxidative-stress-and-your-health-89492

Nrf2 is the master regulator of the antioxidant system. Over activation of Nrf2 can cause health problems and if it is inhibited we can experience excess oxidative stress which leads to chronic illness.

Nuclear Factor-Erythroid 2 Related Factor2 (Nrf2) is a major mechanism in the antioxidant system to protect our cells from oxidative and electrophilic stress. The Nrf2 signaling pathway controls the genes that are responsible for the detoxing byproducts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and and electrophilic reactions. Nrf2 is controlled in part by Keap1 protein. If this pathway becomes blocked many things can happen . It can set of a chain of events because when ROS and the byproducts build up in the body they can severely damage it. The types of damage can be anything from cancer, liver damage, DNA damage and many other things. So the Nrf2 has to be carefully modulated , we do not want it to go to much one way or the other. ROS protects our bodies from toxins and pathogens. So it needs to be tightly regulated because an over abundance can cause severe damage in our bodies and even cause our bodies to start attacking themselves. If the Nrf2 pathway becomes blocked ROS will build up in the body and we lose the ability to detox ROS efficiently. Many neurological issues can be linked to excess oxidative stress.

Nrf2 protects us from oxidative stress by reducing ROS. When byproducts of ROS like hydrogen peroxide are present they signal the induction of the Nrf2 pathway and certain genes are express to deal appropriately with the oxidative stress. If it becomes blocked then the Nrf2 cannot respond to reduce the oxidative stress. There are many things that can cause the Nrf2 to lose it’s ability to reduce oxidative stress. Excess toxins like lead, mercury, fluoroquinolones, fluoride, endotoxins from pathogens, toxins from genetically modified foods , herbicides and pesticides. I could do a whole page on things that can interfere with the proper function of the Nrf2 antioxidant system.

So you can see the importance of Nrf2 in the homeostasis of the redox system and mitochondrial homeostasis. A brief note Nrf2 is also important in reducing inflammation throughout the body.

Glutathione and Nitric Oxide are very important for cell survival of various types. Excess ROS can deplete glutathione and nitric oxide. This can farther inhibit the ability of Nrf2 to respond. This can result in destruction of various tissues throughout the body. It can result in blood clotting, and a break down of the veins throughout the body. So you can see the importance of keeping the Nrf2/Keap1 pathway functioning properly. Without the function of the Nrf2 our bodies cannot protect themselves from many things this can result in cancer and even autoimmune disease. Over activation of Nrf2 can reverse damage from many types of injuries caused by our environment. But over activation has been found to feed some types of cancer, yet over activation can kill other types. That is why we want to achieve homeostasis, with all supplements and foods use moderation. Persistent over activation of Nrf2 has been shown to cause certain type of liver cancer.

If you take antioxidants and the Nrf2/Keap1 pathway is blocked you will increase the ROS in your body. With no way for your body to neutralize the by products and recycle the antioxidant you will increase the toxic loads in your body causing even more damage and increasing your chances of getting cancer.

Gankyrin increase when there is an increase of hydrogen peroxide a byproduct of ROS. Gankyrin competes with Keap1 for binding with Nrf2. This prevents the degradation of Nrf2 causing an excess. This can prevent apoptosis of cancer cells. Gankyrin reduces ROS induced cell damage. Remember I said that ROS is used to protect us. It is used by the body to destroy cancer cells, pathogens, toxins and other things. We need to find a balance and try to reach homeostasis because remember excess ROS also causes cancer and tissue destruction. Reducing oxidative stress and inflammation helps restore gankyrin homeostasis.

Some Nrf2 activators are Alpha Lipoic Acid. ALA is produced by the body, excess oxidative stress causes it to become depleted. It is found in every cell of the body and is an antioxidant also. Some antioxidants work in water and some in lipids (fats). ALA works in both water and oil. It can be replenished in the body by eating red meat high in Omega 9 fatty Acids and brewers yeast. Over consumption of ALA can cause a reduction in blood sugar levels resulting in hypoglycemia, it can reduce thyroid hormones and cause thiamine to become depleted.

Sulforapane is found in cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower. Cooking them raises the level of sulforopane. If you have sulfation issues they should be addressed or consuming sulfur containing foods will make you ill. It can cause an increase in ammonia and sulfites which are toxic to the body and will increase oxidative stress. High ammonia levels will make our digestive system and bladder alkaline instead of acidic. Restoring the PH of our bladder and digestive system back to acidic is very improtant. Alkaline enviroment makes candida go from commensal to pathogenic. It also creates an environment that is friendly to other pathogens so they can take hold. Gut dysbiois and candida can also increase sulfite levels. CBS and BH4 pathways are effected by sulfation issues and can be upregulated under oxidative stress which would cause them to produce high sulfite levels and could cause us to develop Pyrrole issues(problems with fats) and problems eating meat. We can also develop porphyria. So it is very important to restore Nrf2 homeostais. Pyrrole issues will effect our bile production which then effects digestion issues. Our food will sit and ferment in our guts instead of digesting. This causes many toxins. Pyrrole issues also lead to gall bladder pain and can lead to swelling and infection in the gall bladder. Gall bladder problems will cause pain or burning below the right arm pit.

Cinnamic Acid is found in the bark of many species of cinnamon trees. It has been shown to induce apoptosis of cancer cells. Over use can result in raised oxalate levels.

Tumeric is high in curcumin. Over use can deplete the body of iron and raise oxalate levels. Black pepper causes it’s effectiveness to dramatically increase, so use less if taken with black pepper.

Oleanolic Acid can be found in olive oil, clove, wild rose leaves, honey mesquite and many other plants it is an Nrf2 activator. Salvianic Acid is found in schisandra. Salvianolic Acid is derived from chinese sage also known as red sage. These are also Nrf2 activators.

Redox signaling molecules are also involved in oxidative stress homeostasis. They detect and signal when the body is under oxidative stress and are involved in the bodies response. They are key to our cells response. The signal cell repair or recycling , chelating toxins from the body, cellular autophagy and cell death known as apoptosis. Just as most chronic illness can be linked to Nrf2 they can also be link to the redox system.

https://www.honeycolony.com/article/redox-signaling-molecules/

This is a description of redox and how it works. This article also discusses ASEA. I looked around the internet and on social media and have seen many positive comments. I cannot find an ingredients list so I cannot decide what I think, I could not find any research that satisfied my questions I had. Seems this person had the same results. So I remain neutral as to what I believe on ASEA.

https://supplementclarity.com/asea-review/

This is a more detailed description of redox signaling and how it works. This also explains how Nrf2 and redox signaling interact.

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(14)00326-1?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982214003261%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

https://drgarysamuelson.com/2017/10/11/all-in-the-genes-redox-signaling/

 

This is an interesting report on oxidative stress and it’s effects on the heart. As you learn you will come to realize that LDL is a symptom and not a cause and reducing LDL does more harm then good because cholesterol is an antioxidant.

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2018.00672/full

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3083812/

Antioxidants can reduce oxidative stress if the antioxidant system is working but will increase oxidative stress if there are problems. This is why these problems need to be addressed or else our efforts will be futile.

https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/485089

 

Toxins and infection can lead to excess NMDA receptor activation which can lead to nitrosative stress.

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Zezong_Gu2/publication/42441952_Redox_Reactions_Induced_by_Nitrosative_Stress_Mediate_Protein_Misfolding_and_Mitochondrial_Dysfunction_in_Neurodegenerative_Diseases/links/575a2c2e08ae9a9c954f2c86/Redox-Reactions-Induced-by-Nitrosative-Stress-Mediate-Protein-Misfolding-and-Mitochondrial-Dysfunction-in-Neurodegenerative-Diseases.pdf?origin=publication_detail

Redox code is a set of principles that describe redox organization and function.

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Helmut_Sies/publication/275217997_The_Redox_Code/links/55a7c42208ae847d362de297/The-Redox-Code.pdf?origin=publication_detail

 

Redox molecules are involved in DNA repair mechanisms. ROS is involved in redox signaling and oxidative stress. Immune dysfunction can contribute to oxidative stress.

https://academic.oup.com/nar/article/44/10/4721/2516100

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982214003261

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4250048/

We need oxidative stress but health problems arise when it gets too high.

https://www.selfhacked.com/blog/oxidative-stress-101/

 

Not all stress is bad we need eustress to stay healthy. Also how we deal with things can determine if it is unhealthy oxidative stress or healthy eustress. Also too much eustress can be unhealthy.

https://www.verywellmind.com/what-you-need-to-know-about-eustress-3145109

http://inspireyouthful.com/health-wellness/what-is-eustress-and-how-can-it-improve-your-life/

Intermittent fasting has been an eustressor that has been shown to have health benefits.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608558/

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/60bf/f8a704cc0e7369840d4afad8fa7465d8d878.pdf

Little things matter, even our choice in music can effect how our bodies respond.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167876016307267

Hydrogen Peroxide is a major signaling molecule. There are many things that can cause high levels which can lead to an over production of oxidative stress. This can result in cancer, diabetes, heart disease and many other forms of chronic illness.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213231716303196?via%3Dihub

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4412967/

I had jobs where the bosses put constant stress on people and would be constantly trying to find reasons to write employees up. They would always be critical of everyone. This caused a high employee turnover. I watched many companies lose money because the wisest and most skilled and efficient workers would leave for jobs that they were more appreciated at. I myself often did that because I noticed it had a negative impact on my health. Most people I worked with welcomed challenges in their jobs but when it became more oppression rather then challenge me and my fellow employees became stressed. When employees are challenged it causes a good type of stress called eustress but when it becomes oppressive the stress effects peoples health negatively.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/aphw.12049

Stress has a dramatic negative impact on our health and it is why we need to learn to deal with it in a way that will not effect our health .

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23490070

Exercise is a source of eustress unless we over do it.

https://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/fulltext/2012/12000/Physical_Exercise_as_an_Epigenetic_Modulator__.38.aspx

 

Selenoprotein is probably one of the most important molecules in the redox system. They prevent excess oxidative stress, regulate thyroid hormones, help to detox the body, protect the body from inflammation, infection and cancer. A deficiency in selenium makes us susceptible to oxidative stress, chronic illness and dramatically increases our risk for cancer. Selenoproteins and Nrf2 are essential for oxidative stress homeostasis.

http://www.bloodjournal.org/content/117/3/986?sso-checked=true

http://www.jbc.org/content/284/2/723.full.pdf

http://bioinformatica.upf.edu/2006/projectes06/3.4/paper6.pdf

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/8611/8b8c1a6149e0e22d6184bf59ee2b446563e5.pdf

Now if you have read the information you will see that high Selenium levels can also cause problems and has been linked to Type 2 diabetes. This shows the importance of homeostasis and not over doing things.

https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/selenium

Selenoproteins and their effects on the brain and illnesses linked to them.

https://iubmb.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/iub.1262

SEP15 is involved in protein folding. It is kept in check by Mehionine Sulfoxide reductase. Msr decreases as we age. This results in protein damage. It can also become depleted during excess oxidative stress. Mrs protects from mitochondrial damage.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28158949

https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/ajpendo.00453.2015

Increasing Msr may increase life span and quality of life.

http://www.pnas.org/content/99/5/2748

A decrease in MsrA can make cancer more aggressive.

http://www.pnas.org/content/107/43/18628

Resveratrol, astaxanthan, biacaein, butyrate, selenium, and vitamin D activates 3a(FOXO3a) which activates Mrsa. Those with hepatitis have to avoid Resveratrol it activates the hepatitis virus.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955286312002124

https://biofoundations.org/astaxanthin-natural-substances-increase-activity-foxo3-longevity-gene/

 

Hemoproteins are another set of redox proteins that are important for detoxing the body, for oxygen transport and many other functions. Inceasing heme increases Hemoproteins. Excess heme raises the risk of cancer and increases oxidative stress. Heme homeostais is very important. Iron is needed for the production of hemoproteins. Too much iron can cause many health problems.

There are others, like iron-sulfur proteins, cupropoteins, flavoproteins, pteroproteins, molybdproteins, manganoproteins. A deficiency in the nutrients needed to produce these proteins or metabolic issues can prevent them from being produced. This disrupts our redox system causing excess oxidative stress.

NAD and NADP systems along with Thiol/disulfide systems are key to the redox code. If there are problems with these then our redox systems ability to function is effected.

You can usually tell what pathways are effected by the symptoms of the illness. This can help guide us to any nutrient deficiencies or metabolic pathways that may be blocked or inhibited.

Excess oxidative stress can rapidly deplete our nutrient supply and can produce endogenous toxins faster then the body can remove them so it is very important to address any health issues and nutrient deficiencies as soon as possible. If we do not then then our immune system is effected and we develop inflammation and immune issues like an imbalance in our T cells. It starts a cycle that is very hard to break. To break the cycle it takes self discipline, learning to pay attention to our bodies and what it is telling us. Also constantly adjusting our protocols as we heal and our bodies needs change. Once our immune system are out of balance and we develop inflammation many metabolic pathways get blocked inhibiting our bodies ability to produce certain enzymes. The body does have alternative pathways but they produce toxins when used. This creates a bigger problem because the inflammation blocks our ability to detox properly. Addressing inflammation and balancing our immune systems are key to reaching homeostasis so we can heal.

Thiols are important in reduce balance. An imbalance in thiol redox can lead to chronic illness, mental illness, neurological damage and many other health problems.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S221323171500035X

 

High ROS and RNS levels can oxidize cysteine which leads to inflammation and asthma.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25565397

Redox reactions involving thiols.

https://chem.libretexts.org/Textbook_Maps/Organic_Chemistry/Book%3A_Organic_Chemistry_with_a_Biological_Emphasis_(Soderberg)/16%3A_Oxidation_and_reduction_reactions/16.12%3A_Redox_reactions_involving_thiols_and_disulfides

Molybdenum can become depleted when under extreme oxidative stress. Symptoms of molybdenum deficiency are night blindness, rapid breathing, sulfur sensitivity. Molybdenum is needed to prevent oxidation of thiol groups.

http://www.healthsupplementsnutritionalguide.com/molybdenum/

https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/supplements-remedies/molybdenum/

Manganese iron interaction.

http://m.jbc.org/content/287/17/13541.full

So we can see the importance of balancing systems that are dependent on thiols. If there are CBS issues this will effect thiol redox status and needs to be addressed.

http://www.connersclinic.com/balancing-cbs-defects/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029659/

BH4 issues can also effect thiol redox. So if we have BH4 issues they should be addressed.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28104455

Endotoxins cause BH4 to upregualte to protect the brain. This can result in high sulfite levels in the body which can cause problems.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006899318300660?via%3Dihub

This can cause BH4 to become depleted if we do not reduce the toxic load. This can lead to cardiovascular disease.

https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/ars.2013.5566

These illnesses can cause sulfite sensitivity , in order to reach redox homeostasis we must address high sulfite levels. With the proper nutrients these things can be corrected. When we are sensitive to sulfites we develop allergies, asthma, food intolerances and if severe enough we can develop many types of chronic illness.

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/11323-sulfite-sensitivity

http://www.beatcfsandfms.org/html/Sulfides.html

https://www.imoa.info/HSE/environmental_data/biology/reviews-of-molybdoenzymes/16-sulfite-oxidase.php

These issues can also be caused by farm chemicals in our food disrupting our gut bacteria. Bile production can be severely impacted. When the bile production is effected, it reduces the production of digestive enzymes in the pancreas which will make food sit and ferment in our stomaches. This makes it feels like we have a brick sitting in our stomach.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3945755/

Antibiotics cause dramatic changes to the redox system which can lead to chronic illness.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008055/

There are many things that can cause haptens. Tick born illness, drugs, toxins especially farm chemicals. Heavy metals can also cause them. If we develop high hapten levels our skin may blister or get rashes similar to a poison ivy rash. If we do not address them it can cause issues with many metabolic pathways.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3447324/

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/640754/

Some foods are high in sulfites. They are additives in food and can inhibit our beneficial gut bacterias growth.

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0186629

Hydrogen Sulfide is a redox signaling molecule that can reduce oxidative stress but in excess it inhibits ROS which is also a redox signaling molecule needed by the body. Gut dysbiosis can cause high hydrogen sulfide levels which creates a new set of problems. This can lead to damage to the digestive system. Our guts will become higher in sulfur digesting bacteria. This prevents our food from digesting properly and it will ferment instead. This leads to high levels of Hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide can cause hibernation like symptoms and lead to chronic illness. The body only needs a very small amount. If levels get too high we can develop ulcerative colitis, IBD or any other inflammatory gut disease. When our gut bacteria are out of balance and we have too many sulfur digesting bacteria it feels like there is a brick sitting in the gut after we eat. Our guts will bloat out and look like we are pregnant. It is very different then fat because fat is soft when it is bloated out from our food fermenting it will be hard to the touch. When we have a large gut from hormonal issues it will be softer to the touch and usually will saga bit. I have posted information on dealing with these things. If you are dealing with this issue bismuth has been shown to reduce hydrogen sulfide levels. If this occurs we lose our butyrate producing bacteria. Butyrate is needed for gut health , nerve and brain health.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2016/6043038/

https://www.badgut.org/information-centre/a-z-digestive-topics/the-role-of-sulphur-in-uc/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3508456/

https://www.nature.com/articles/ajg2014427

High H2S levels will inhibit heme production which is needed for the production of redox molecule hemoprotein. This can lead to excess oxidative stress and anemia.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3118656/

Ergothionine is a thiol is found in black beans, kidney beans, bolete and oyster mushrooms and oat bran. Ergothionine protects against oxidative stress, cancer, neurological disease, and improves sensitivity to acetylcholine.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0024320518303837?via%3Dihub

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29530864

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-20021-z

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf071328f

Oxalates have a dramatic effect on the redox system and can be caused to be produced endogenously by toxins like glyphosate, glufosinate, fluorquinolone antibiotics, fluoride, heavy metals. Some foods are high oxalate and should be cooked before eating. Spinach is very high oxalate and I see many people eat it raw. Cooking breaks the oxalates down. Certain metabolic issues can also cause our bodies to produce oxalates. Most metabolic issues can be corrected with the right nutrients.

https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/82043

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213231717307565

I don’t mention often N-Acetylcysteine because it is not good for all. Also I noticed that long term use would start having negative effects. So maybe taking it once in a while which is what I did helps but frequent use seems to have the opposite effects. NAC will reduce thiol levels if they are high.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11350834

I have friends who are into electronics and love studies like this so I am putting this here for them. It is the electrochemical properties of some vitamins.

http://jes.ecsdl.org/content/165/2/G18.full

The folate cycle is important in redox homeostasis.

http://synergyhw.blogspot.com/2015/04/nadph-folate-cycle-and-adrenal-function.html

If the cause of oxidative stress is not addressed it can deplete thioredoxin reductase. This can lead to neurological damgae.

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0050683

G6PD protects our blood cells from oxidative stress. Because they lack mitochondria they do not have a back up system for protection. Glyphosate , fluoroquinolones and other toxins can reduce G6PD. Also excess levels of Vitamin C from taking to much in supplements can deplete G6PD. Oxidative stress can deplete G6PD. G6PD is vital to redox balance. They claim some can inherit a defect that causes this but our group on Facebook Synergistic Illness has found many things they claim to be inherited can be linked to vaccine injury, eating habits passed on from family, inherited gut bacteria or many other environmental factors like how we are taught to handle stress.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22389/

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0049128

http://g6pddeficiency.org/wp/#.W2OYRB6YXMo

Many get upset when I do not agree with them taking DHEA. It inhibits G6PD, many things can inhibit G6PD and they could be adding to the problem.

http://www.jbc.org/content/273/17/10609.full

Some may see this study showing high vitamin C levels is good in G6PD deficiency. But the flaw of this study is they did not look at the effects on red blood cells. Studies have shown that high doses of vitamin C break down read blood cells which would defeat the purpose of Vitamin Cs antioxidant effects.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5295168/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1677333/

G6PD does help regulate our sugar levels so we do not want levels to get too high. It can also can illness. Homeostasis should always be the goal.

http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/55/11/2939

Omega 3 fatty acids help with G6PD deficiency.

https://nutritionandmetabolism.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-7075-11-6

http://g6pddeficiency.org/wp/living-with-g6pd-deficiency/g6pd-deficiency-diet-suggestions/#.W2OlgR6YXMo

What could cause high G6PD levels? Endotoxins which shows the importance of detoxing them.

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/FFA-and-LPS-stimulate-G6PD-expression-in-macrophages-A-and-C-Induction-of-G6PD-mRNA-by_fig2_236189144

Catalase reduces ROS. Most plants that contain it also are high in sulfur so those with sulfation issues need to avoid high sulfur foods until they have addressed their high sulfite leves. There are plant sources of catalase that are not high sulfur if you do your research.

https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/vegetarian-sources-catalase-3693.html

Hawthorne leaves and berries have many health benefits they also help reduce lung inflammation.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10753-014-9863-8

It also helps regulate the antioxidant response.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ptr.5035

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12010-013-0667-3

https://journals.lww.com/cardiovascularpharm/Abstract/2013/08000/Effects_of_Selected_Bioactive_Natural_Products_on.1.aspx

Wild Basil helps reduce oxidative stress and inflammation. Most spices contain similar phytochemicals so this is true for many spices.

https://repository.arizona.edu/bitstream/handle/10150/221271/Burk_David_Thesis.pdf;sequence=5

Galinsoga reduces oxidative stress.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26092182

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24066513

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22085305

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dealing With Endotoxemia or Sepsis.

This is not medical advice , I am posting this for educational and informational purposes.

These are my notes of things I researched to recover. I have much more to add to it but figured I would post what I have typed up so far. This is not in order and inflammation is very very important to address in order to be able to detox endotoxins.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/19UH1Jfe0qlPrKunC36yZVXZcuRLx_f8MslQdSXkV8pA/mobilebasic

This is not medical advice, I am putting this here for informational and educational purposes. My advice on reading this because it is very long is skip over things that do not seem to concern you and the issues you are dealing with. I had many health problems I had to deal with and these are my notes. It seems I had more then usual so my notes are extensive. From what I am learning most do not experience the number of health issues I had. I need to cover oxidative stress first because it is the main cause of the symptoms of sepsis.

Many take CoQ10 for their fatigue. I would say it is better to avoid but supporting NADPH might be a better option. I noticed I got worse when I took CoQ10 but Ubiquinol seemed to work fine for me.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2011/194586/

Oxidative Stress

Oxidative Stress is caused by an imbalance in our antioxidant system. When there is an imbalance taking antioxidants will increase the damage in the body. We must address what is causing the imbalance before taking antioxidants. Taking antioxidants when there is an imbalance in the antioxidant system also makes us more prone to health issues especially cancer. An imbalance in or inhibited redox cycling and blocked Nrf2 pathways are the most common issues involving excess oxidative stress.

This results in the production of peroxides and free radicals. This damages components of the cells including lipids and DNA , they cause strand breaks in the DNA preventing it from repairing . This is why high LDL levels are a sign of oxidative stress. High cholesterol indicates an imbalance in the antioxidant system. This can be caused by toxins like heavy metals, the many farm chemicals found in our food, toxins in processed food, heavy metals, infections and the endotoxins from dying pathogens, many of the toxins in vaccinations can cause oxidative stress,and stay in the body a very long time, especially the aluminum in vaccinations. To restore balance we need to detox whatever is causing the imbalance, also address any metabolic issues causing the imbalance. The hydrogen peroxide produced from the reactive oxygen species can act as cellular messengers which cause a disruption in normal mechanism in cell signaling. This causes redox cycling to be inhibited and has been linked to many forms of chronic illness. Nrf2 regulates the antioxidant system and toxins, infection and bad diets can inhibit the Nrf2 pathways. Excess oxidative stress causes adenosine triphosphate (ATP) depletion. ATP is important in molecular cellular energy transfer. This causes apoptic cell death to be inhibited so the cell simply falls apart. When the cell is not removed by apoptosis it can cause a build up of cellular debris in the body which has many negative health effects. Inflammation can inhibit the bodies ability to remove toxins and waste which can contribute to oxidative stress. Over production of ROS can lead to stroke, hypertension, hardening of the arteries, heart attacks, and failure of organs. It can result in damage to the brain resulting in impaired thinking and even mental illness.

There are many sources of reactive oxygen species in the body. Xanthine Oxidase is an enzyme that generates reactive oxygens species it is found in the blood and lungs. It’s activity is increased during infection. Levels of xanthine oxidase are increased during liver damage. It has been found to be high in gout. Phytic acid inhibits xanthine oxidase. Remember homeostasis is the goal because the antioxidant system protects us we do not want to keep inhibiting it. Once we get inflammation down and the peroxide, and free radical levels down we want to maintain homeostasis.

Free radical from oxidative stress deplete cofactors involved in electronic transport, DNA repair. Damaged (Fe-S) clusters can cause iron overload. It also causes inhibition of lipoic acid synthase which is involved in amino acid metabolism and glycine degradation. When inhibited it results in encephalitis and lactic acidosis. This also causes a build up of hydroxyl radicals. NADPH oxidase is activated by infections and certain cytokines. Arachidonic acid (omega 6) also stimulates activity of NADPH oxidase Apocynin found in many plants inhibits NADPH oxidase. I do not know which plants but most research papers state apocynin found in many types of plants. Inhibition of NADPH can cause granulomas to form. This is the bodies way of blocking off something it cannot rid from the body. So do not over do it. Nitric Oxide also inhibits NADPH oxidase. Arginine and citrulline can help increase NO.

http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/18/3/2821/htm

Superoxide Dismutase

Superoxide Dismutase comes in three forms in the body, SOD1 is located in the cytoplasma inside of cells, SOD2 located in the mitochondria, SOD3 is extracellular. SOD serves as a key antioxidant. Low SOD levels increases the risk of cancer. SOD has anti-inflammatory effects. SOD decreases ROS and oxidative ss, and interstitial cystitis. It also reduces inflammation in the urinary tract. SOD also prevents liver and kidney damage and protects us from radiation damage. The most bioavailable form of of SOD is found in the chaga mushroom but it is also found in phytoplankton, horseradish, and cantaloupe. If you have iron toxicity it will inhibit SOD. Lactoferrin helps restore the bad iron back to good and helps the body get rid of excess iron. Curcumine chelates iron but if taken to often or too much it can cause anemia. Infection can cause the body to store copper in our soft tissue to prevent pathogens from using iron. This also prevents the body from using iron, it kills the pathogen but inhibits SOD production. Natural sources of vitamin C will get the body to release the copper from the soft tissue. High doses of vitamin C can cause red blood cells to break down so don’t get carried away. Also man made vitamin C can cause oxalates. Manganese is needed for SOD production but should not be taken in high doses it can be toxic if we get too much in the body. Zinc is also needed for SOD production , honey is high in zinc.

Low SOD3 can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome which is when fluid leaks into the lungs. It has also been linked to COPD.

Glutathione and SOD are tightly linked so I will cover it next. Resveratrol also activates SOD it is found in grape seed extract.

We need to find balance because high levels of SOD has been show to make us susceptible to certain types of cancer. Homeostasis should be the goal then do things to maintain homeostasis.

http://www.immunehealthscience.com/superoxide-dismutase.html

https://www.selfhacked.com/blog/the-brain-fog-gene-rs4880-or-sod2/

http://jcb.rupress.org/content/early/2018/04/17/jcb.201708007

Glutathione peroxidase

Glutathione peroxidase is a general name for a group of enzymes with peroxidase activity. Gps main biological role is to protect from damage from oxidative stress. GP reduces lipid hydroperoxides to their corresponding alcohols. Lipid hydroperoxides are caused from the oxidative degredation of fats. It mostly effects polyunsaturated fatty acids. There are several documented cases of anemia from GP deficiency, most likely if they measure the Fe3 iron it would be high. The iron in the plasma was probably in a form the body could not us.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3159114/

http://omim.org/entry/614164

GPx1 increases reactive nitrogen species ability to cause cell death and can cause insulin resistance. So it is important to make sure reactive nitrogen species are not high.

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/0-387-33827-6_16

http://www.jbc.org/content/276/46/43004.full

How Nitric Oxide Species are produce.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0005272899000286

This is a link to a more in depth article I did on Nitrosative Stress.

https://iamajuicer.wordpress.com/2018/07/11/nitrosative-stress/

If you have been reading the links in my post you know by now that lipopolysaccharides a component of endotoxins is responsible for the systematic inflammation that endotoxins cause. Lipopolysaccharides are a component of many pathogens.  It is very important to reduce the level of LPS in the body to reduce chances of sepsis which results in chronic illness. LPS can cause a bunch of issues that prevent us from detoxing which causes many other issues. In order to detox LPS we need to address those issues. I am going to place these links here so when you decide the approach you may want to take you can look at nutritional options that may help after you have read the article and get a better understanding of endotoxemia these can be used for a reference.

https://iamajuicer.wordpress.com/2018/06/23/supplement-and-nutrient-information-i-have-accumulated/

https://iamajuicer.wordpress.com/2018/06/26/supplement-and-nutrient-information-i-have-accumulated-part-2/

It is very important to reduce LPS because it has a dramatic effect on our brain. It can cause anxiety, dissociative behavior, emotional dysfunction. It also impairs memory. It can cause fatigue and even disrupt the reproductive cycle. High LPS levels have been linked to things such as diabetes, heart disease, mental illness, cancer, obesity, metabolic disorders, renal disorders, autism, hearing and eye health can be negative impacted. LPS also cause digestive disorders like SIBO, IBD, IBS and dysbiosis. LPS contributes to arthritis and increased allergies. LPS has even been linked to PCOS in women. LPS causes adrenal fatigue. It can cause many skin disorders like lupus or psoriasis. It can contribute to bone loss. It causes neurological damage throughout the body.

Endotoxins also cause hormone imbalances and thyroid problems.

There are gut bacteria that reduce LPS, Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus GG, Saccharramyces Boulardii Bacillus Infantis, B Longhum, Clostridium Butyricum, E Coli Nissle 1917, Lactobacillus Brevis, L Casei, and many others.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23568206

Fruit pectin reduces LPS. The pectin is the waxy substance found on the skins of many fruits. One of these articles mentions corn flakes. Corn is GMO and causes leaky gut which would make things worse. I do not recommend eating any GMOs they themselves can cause sepsis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16930561

http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/fruits-high-pectin-9671.html

https://www.dietaryfiberfood.com/dietary-fiber/pectins.php

Exercise reduce LPS.

https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-015-0362-0

Stimulating the vagus nerve decreases LPS and inflammation.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/627023/

https://thelivingproofinstitute.com/19-ways-to-stimulate-your-vagus-nerve/

https://theheartysoul.com/ways-to-stimulate-your-vagus-nerve/

Polyphenols reduce LPS. These are usually highest in darker colored fruits and vegetables.

https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/79/5/727/4690182

Resistant starch decreases LPS by increasing the good gut bacteria. This should be introduced slowly because when the good gut bacteria increase the bad die off which will cause bloating and herxing. I got very ill when I tried to eat resistant starch. I had to start with small amounts and slowly increase my intake.

http://drhyman.com/blog/2016/03/24/the-starch-that-makes-you-lean-and-healthy/

https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/477386

LPS and Fats

Diets high in bad fats, like transfats and saturated fats increase the effects of LPS.

These sites suggest ways to reduce LPS. I do not agree with all their methods so always take things with a grain of salt and do your research. Many have metabolic issues that need addressed before taking some of the suggested things in these articles. For example those with high sulfite levels or CBS or BH4 issues would become ill from some of the things suggested because they are high in sulfur. Those with Pyrrole issues will become ill from any types of fats so Omega 3s will cause problems. So before you can even attempt to detox LPS you need to address any metabolic issues or you will be running on a hamster wheel of ill health getting no where because the things needed to heal will make you ill.

https://www.selfhacked.com/blog/lipopolysaccharides/

https://mybiohack.com/blog/lipopolysaccharide-endotoxins-lps-tlr4

LPS Causes Leaky Gut

LPS causes leaky gut, leaky gut causes our bodies to absorb more LPS. Here is another area where the cycle must be broken. Just as with high oxalate levels it is difficult to heal the gut , high LPS levels make it difficult to heal the gut. I have posted articles that will help with information on healing the gut so I will not cover it in detail but if time permits I will post the links to the articles. Healing the gut is very important in order to break the cycle.

https://www.naturalmedicinejournal.com/journal/2010-03/nutritional-protocol-treatment-intestinal-permeability-defects-and-related

https://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-15971/why-a-leaky-gut-will-wreck-your-health-what-to-do-about-it.html

https://www.selfhacked.com/blog/lipopolysaccharides/

These are articles I did that have information that may help with leaky gut.

https://iamajuicer.wordpress.com/2018/06/28/leaky-gut-oxalates-and-more-supplement-information/

https://iamajuicer.wordpress.com/2018/06/27/its-not-your-genes-it-is-your-gut-microbiome/

Activated charcoal helps reduce LPS but should not be taken to soon after eating. It will inhibit nutrient absorption.

https://fixyourgut.com/dysbiosis-causing-illness-try-activated-charcoal/

If the leaky gut is not addressed we develop metabolic endotoxemia.

https://paleoleap.com/metabolic-endotoxemia-one-link-between-gut-problems-and-obesity/

Polyunsaturated fats should be avoided. The body only needs a small amount of them. When the levels get to high in the body they negatively impact our health. These are found in things such as corn oil, canola oil, cotton seed oil, and soybeen oil. They also contain transfats which really need to be avoided. Fats from things like fresh cod liver oil which should be refrigerated. If it smells fishy then it has oxidized and has lost some of it’s benefits, other sources are coconut oil, beef tallow,lard and butter contain the fats that our bodies need. The tallow, lard and butter should be from grass feed beef. We need PUFAs in our diet but in the form of Omega 3s. We have to do our best to prevent the Omega 3s from oxidizing. The previously mentioned oils are high in Omega 6 , our Omega 3 levels should be higher then Omega 3s but processed food is high in Omega 6 and is why many have inflammatory diseases.

http://butterbeliever.com/what-is-pufa/

https://www.medpagetoday.com/primarycare/dietnutrition/50978

It is very important to protect the liver while detoxing endotoxins because it is hit pretty hard and can get damaged. Burdock root and sarsparilla root seemed to help me. Rooibos tea was another herb that really helped me, it is great for oxidative stress and inflammation. Sculletaria is another one that seemed to really help me. Bayberry has also been found to support the kidney and liver.

https://ccforum.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/cc5013

https://www.betternutrition.com/natural-rx/herbaldetox

https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-14-392

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2221169115001410

Here is a very good article explaining detoxing.

https://www.selfhacked.com/blog/the-science-of-detoxification/

Oxidative Stress

Endotoxins cause oxidative stress which results in the oxidation of lipids. The can result in damage throughout the body and is why many have high oxLDL levels. High LDL is a symptom not a cause. It is very important to also address the oxidative stress caused by endotoxins. This includes restoring the balance of our gut bacteria which protects us from oxidative stress. If they are out of balance they can actually contribute to oxidative stress. It is why those who take the same probiotic daily usually end up sicker. They get too much of specific strains of gut bacteria and are preventing their gut bacteria from balancing out. Cholesterol is an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory. Reducing cholesterol would do the opposite of what we want. It would increase inflammation and prevent the body from healing.

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Guillermo_Tellez/publication/286285603_Mechanisms_involved_in_lipopolysaccharide_derived_ROS_and_RNS_oxidative_stress_and_septic_shock/links/569593d908ae425c68985bfa/Mechanisms-involved-in-lipopolysaccharide-derived-ROS-and-RNS-oxidative-stress-and-septic-shock.pdf?origin=publication_detail

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27718209

http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/23/7/1133

Vitamin E reduces oxidative stress from LPS but the most effective is a-tocopherol. A-tocopherol is found in wheat germ, liver, egg yolk and nuts. Green leafy vegetables are high in it but most are high oxalate especially spinach so must be cooked to break down the oxalates. I have posted on supplements so I will not get into detail but will list the most effective ones here.

http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/foods-high-alphatocopherol-3483.html

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods-high-in-vitamin-e#section1

Nicotinamide reduces oxidative stress from endotoxins.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29803807

Foods that help increase nicotinamide are milk , yeast , mushrooms,fish, green vegetables and beer. Most beer is GMO it must be organic because the harm GMOs do would defeat the purpose.

https://www.superfoodly.com/nicotinamide-riboside-food-sources/

https://greatperformersacademy.com/health/7-foods-that-will-naturally-increase-nad-and-restore-your-youth

Lycopene reduces oxidative stress. Foods high in lycopene are tomatoes, watermelon, guava, papaya, sweet red peppers, purple cabbage, and mango. Some foods like tomatoes when cooked increases the amount of lycopene the body absorbs.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29454265

https://www.myfooddata.com/articles/high-lycopene-foods.php

https://draxe.com/lycopene/

Carbon dioxide reduces LPS damage but increasing it has to be done with caution. You can increase carbon dioxide by breathing into a paper bag for a short period of them. I would not do this for long though. It takes a while for oxygen levels to return to normal. I do not recommend trying this I put it here for others to research farther. Those with COPD, asthma, or lung damage would not fair well doing this.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29907213

https://chronicfatigue.livejournal.com/60641.html

http://smart-breathe.com/carbon-dioxide/

Because LPS increases estrogen because it prevents the body from detoxing it, it is important to decrease estrogen. Some medications increase estrogen, stress increases estrogen, nutrient deficiencies increase estrogen, environmental toxins can increase estrogen, emotional stress can increase estrogen. Many view estrogen as a female hormone, men can have high estrogen levels also. Oxidative stress caused by LPS causes nutrient deficiency which prevents the body from detoxing estrogen. It is very important to get the nutrients we need. Especially minerals and fats. Flouride, fluoroquinolones, farm chemicals especially glyphosate increase estrogen. It is best to eat organic when possible. Sunlight helps detox estrogen when we get it in moderation. Those who avoid getting sun have higher rates of cancer. Those who get too much sun have higher rates of kidney stones. So moderation is the key. There is not much research on reducing estrogen but when the other things are addressed and the detox enzymes are functioning again your body will detox the excess estrogen. Fiber also lowers estrogen. High estrogen levels cause lipid oxidation this can result in high triglyceride levels. High tryglycerides are a symptom and not a cause.

https://butternutrition.com/estrogen-dominance-hormonal-imbalance/

http://www.cheeseslave.com/balancing-hormones-naturally/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8039147

B vitamins are very important in detoxing estrogen. When taking folate do not confuse it with folic acid which is man made and has many negative effects on the body.

http://main.poliquingroup.com/ArticlesMultimedia/Articles/Article/801/10_Ways_To_Lower_Estrogen_Toxic_Load_.aspx

https://hormonesbalance.com/articles/b-vitamins-for-your-hormones/

https://testosteroneresource.com/tboosting-ingredients/vitamin-b6/

Inflammation

It is important to reduce inflammation. Inflammation can inhibit bile, inhibit the bodies ability to detox, it also can cause autoimmune disease. Bile detoxes many things in the body including LPS and it prevents it from entering the body through the digestive tract. If you get constipated or it feels like you have a brick in your stomach after eating then you may have inhibited bile production. This will cause you food to sit in the upper part of the digestive tract and it will ferment instead of digesting which causes many health problems. Cholesterol is needed to produce bile. If we have excess oxidative stress our cholesterol will get oxidize and it is another reason we must address oxidative stress and reduce it. Fats are also needed to produce bile, this also gets oxidized from oxidative stress. Also the metabolic issues like porphyria can cause problems with fat metabolism and is why it is very important to address metabolic issues. I have posted supplements that help with these issues. If you look through the list COX , inhibitors, anti-inflammatory nutrients will help to reduce inflammation. There are many things involved in the production of bile. Even our gut bacteria modulate bile production. Inhibited bile production can also cause problems with the gall bladder. Sulfation is also important factor in bile production so if you have high sulfite levels from gut dysbiosis, candida, CBS or BH4 issues then you need to address those also. Polyunsaturated fatty acids cause a decrease in the livers ability to detox estrogen.

Things that increase bile are lemon water, artichoke, dandelion root, foods high in sulfur. Taurine deficiency which is common in vegetarians can cause inhibited bile production. Taurine has been shown to increase bile flow.

https://www.belmarrahealth.com/bile-function-liver-foods-help-increase-bile-production/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3655556

Our gut bacteria also can cause inflammation if we are deficient in certain strains.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4839080/

Bile

Bile aids in the absorption of healthy fat. If we have poor bile production it can have dramatic effects on the whole body. Every cell in the body needs fat, the brain is mostly fat so fat malabsorption effects the whole body.

https://empoweredsustenance.com/fat-malabsorption/

Many think their indigestion is from acid reflux but often times it is from inhibited bile production. Inhibited bile could cause a deficiency in fat soluble vitamins especially vitamin K. Antibiotics also reduce the gut bacteria that produces vitamin K which can add to the problem.

https://metabolichealing.com/bile-deficiency-heartburn-poor-digestion-toxicity/

This is a very in depth article on bile.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/1105662

Adrenal Fatigue

Endotoxins damage betadorphin nerves in the hypothalamus. This results in raised cortisol levels. This is another reason why it is very important to address inflammation. This results in insulin resistance and suppressed progesterone production. LPS causes high histamine levels , progesterone and testosterone are needed to protect us from histamines. There is supplements mentioned in my post on supplements that discusses ways to reduce histamines this is also cover in my post on how our gut bacteria effect our genes. We have histamine reducing bacteria. Adaptogenic herbs help with the adrenal fatigue caused by LPS.

http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/7/1431

Kupffer Cells

LPS stimulates liver kupffer cells which can cause a rise in reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cytokines. The body can get stuck in a cycle that escalates and the inflammation and oxidative stress will keep increasing. This is why it is very important to address oxidative stress, inflammation and work on detoxing LPS and excitotoxins so the cycle can be broken and healing can begin. If not broken this can result in liver fibrosis. Because kupffer cells are needed to detox LPS we do not want to inhibit them but we need to detox, and address metabolic issues and oxidative stress.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4748178/

http://iai.asm.org/content/67/10/5409.full

Bradykinin

Bradykinin – it is a peptide that causes blood vessels to dilate, which decreases blood pressure. Bradykinan stimulates the release of Nitric Oxide, Postacyclin, Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor. This allows the smooth muscle to relax , increasing their diameter which reduces blood pressure. Bradykinin raises internal calcium levels in neocortical astrocytes. Astrocytes fuel neurons with energy during times of stress , physical exertion, and periods of fasting. They are important in the flow of blood to the brain. Astrocytes clear excess postassium in extracellular space. Excess potassium can cause epilepsy. Astrocytes in the hippocampus suppress synaptic transmition by releasing ATP which through a number of processes produces adenosine. Adenosine prevents tachycardia. Astrocytes promote the healing of nerves but if over stimulated can cause nerve damage. Astrocytes can also promote nerve cell and brain cell growth. ACE inhibition raises bradykinin and causes the dry cough people get from taking ACE inhibitors. High bradykinin levels causes asthma, and swelling in legs , face, and abdomin. High bradykinin levels also causes vomiting and airway obstruction. Bromelain, aloe vera, and polyphenols reduce the effects of bardykinin.

HPA axis is important in the homeostasis of bradykinin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=26468906

This is an description of bradykinin and the health effects.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2658795/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3518251/

bradykinin prevents blood clotting.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=26517864

Bradykinin can increase inflammation in our lungs during infections.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22935637

So we can see not enough bradykinin can effect our health as much as too much bradykinin. Homeostasis should be the goal with all our health goals. Once we reach homeostasis then we need to work towards maintaining it to prevent over doing things which can cause just as much harm.

http://www.nwpii.com/ajbms/papers/AJBMS_2011_2_09.pdf

High bradykinin levels can cause low blood pressure, tachycardia, blood vessel leakage, it can cause inflammation especially in the salivary glands. Bradykinin also raises substance P which causes burning in the scalp and down the spine, also can be felt in the skin and increases at night. ACE inhibitors raise bradykinin levels.

https://www.pharmacorama.com/en/Sections/Angiotensin_2.php

https://www.news-medical.net/health/ACE-Inhibitor-Side-Effects.aspx

Glycosides like astilbene and eurcrypin inhibit bradykinin. Also keep in mind histamines and inflammation stimulate bradykinin so we must reduce those also. Most plant polyphenols will reduce bradykinin especially grapes and the white part of citrus fruit. Also if we do not have high sulfite levels , high sulfur foods reduce bradykinin.

http://www.scielo.br/pdf/mioc/v86s2/vol86(fsup2)_182-189.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2835915/

Hormones and their effects.

Adenosine- is involved in the regulation of blood pressure. If deficient a person could develop high blood pressure and tachycardia. It reduces inflammation by suppressing the activity of most immune cells. A deficiency can be caused by excess inflammation and immune responses. This can result in muscle fatigue. D-ribose has been found to help reduce the fatigue. So those with lung disease , cardiovascular disease or low immune function could be effected by adenosine.

Symptoms of adenosine deficiency would be muscle fatigue will exercising and frequent infections in the lungs. A deficiency in adenosine causes a loss of T regulatory cells. Symptoms of this are conditons such as eczema , and also type 1 diabetes. Adenosine deficiency also causes hypoxia. Excess adenosine can result in asthma. When cells are stressed or damaged adenosine increases. This is why I freqently say homeostasis should always be the goal. Those with low adenosine may have trouble sleeping.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167488916300842

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1276958/

Lactobacillus Reuteri helps reduce the symptoms from adenosine deficiency.

http://3dsbiovia.com/blog/index.php/2017/08/23/exploring-treatment-options-ipex-patients-gut-microbiome-insufficiencies/

http://jem.rupress.org/content/214/1/107

Excess adenosine and the complications from it. This is a caused by a deficiency in adenosine deanamase.

Causes Asthma and other lung inflammatory diseases.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26232643

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12559769

Gotu Kola contains asiatic acid which helps with ada deficiencies.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29805609

Excess adenosine can cause prolonged painful penile erections which can result in damage to the penis.

https://www.fasebj.org/doi/abs/10.1096/fj.13-247833

Adenosine signaling is elevated in sickle cell anemia. Increasing Adenosine Deaminase would help.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4351509/

Hyeprthyroidism causes raised adenosine levels showing that we must protect the health of the thyroids.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7596349

Adenosine Deaminase breaks down adenosine. A deficiency causes many health problems because of raised adenosine levels. It can lead to skeletal issues, mental deficiencies, immune dysfunction, and hearing loss.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5916829/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10875-018-0496-9

Curcumin inhibits ADA so should be avoided by those who have low ADA levels. There are nutrients that help support ADA production.

https://www.selfhacked.com/blog/about-adenosine-and-the-adenosine-deaminase-gene-rs73598374/

https://www.mygenefood.com/genes/ada/

Hypothyroidism causes reduce adenosine levels.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15811553

AdA levels can effect thyroid health.

http://www.thetrp.net/article.asp?issn=0973-0354;year=2015;volume=12;issue=3;spage=104;epage=106;aulast=Duwal

adenosine restores neutrophil chemotaxis endotoxins inhibit the bodies ability to locate infections. Adenosine restores this ability.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00011-016-1021-3

Adiponectin

Adiponectin is a protein hormone involved in regulating glucose levels in the body. It plays a role in the endocrine system, and metabolic and inflammatory signaling. Issues with adiponectin have been tied to ADHD, diabetes, and arthritis. Those who have type 2 diabetes, obesity, hyperlipodemia, and arthritis have been shown to have low adiponectin levels. Those with low adiponectin have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

Adiponectin protects us from cardiac injury from endotoxins.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/382035/

http://www.jimmunol.org/content/182/10/6444

Adiponectin is produced in fat cells and muscle cells.

http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/26/8/2442

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24417944

EPA and DHA increase adiponectin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25900100

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5085721/

Palmitic acid increases the brown fat needed to produce adiponectin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29654827

Chrysin found in high levels in flowers and honey increases brown fat.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27133810

Those with low adiponectin have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20096841

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2905203

Phytic acid improves adipose differentiation improving the function of brown fat this improves insulin sensitivity. Phytic acid is found in grains and nuts. Eat food high in phytic acid in moderation it is an anti nutrient. Phytic acid also reduces sepsis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25174657

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17412285

The importance of improved cell differentiation in our brown fat is that it regulates the homeostasis of many things within out bodies.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4864949/

So here is how to increase brown fat.

https://getloss.com/weight-loss/strategies/how-to-increase-adiponectin.html

https://www.wikihow.com/Increase-Adiponectin

Our diet influences our adiponectin levels.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4400715/

Alpha-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone

Alpha-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone- it is an endogenous hormone and neuropeptide. It is one of the proteins responsible for hair and skin pigmentation. It plays a role in our feeding behavior, energy homeostasis in the body and even our sexual activity. It protects from injury that results from restricted blood flow, it also protects from the injury that results when the blood flow is restored. When blood flow has been restricted and then is restored it results in oxidative stress and inflammation. It also has antimicrobial properties.

https://www.selfhacked.com/blog/alpha-msh-its-role-in-weight-control-autoimmunity-cirs-and-cfs/

https://www.moldillnessmadesimple.com/cirs-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-msh/

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/874610/

https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1164/rccm.200303-372OC

It helps prevent sepsis.

https://academic.oup.com/endo/article/144/1/360/2501731

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4698338/

Glucose stimulates a-msh production which helps regulate glucose homeostasis.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212877816301028

Excess oxidative stress depletes a-msh.

http://www.ijbs.com/v13p0391.htm

It also protects us from the Nrf2 inhibiting effects of UVB rays thus protecting us from oxidative stress.

https://academic.oup.com/endo/article/150/7/3197/2456152

Low a-msh results in increased appetite, inflammation, increased pain, difficulty sleeping, and dehydration which results in low blood pressure from the excessive water excretion. Vaccinations, heavy metals, fluoride,fluoroquinolone drugs, glyphosate and other farm chemicals damage the pineal gland which has effects on the levels of a-msh. We also have a higher risk for cancer when it is low.

http://www.yourhormones.info/hormones/melanocyte-stimulating-hormone/

https://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-the-pineal-gland/

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0008958

It improves the bodies ability to heal.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25431356

This is why it is very important to get sun light in moderation. Sun light controls homeostasis of many body functions and is a much needed nutrient. Yes I am calling it a nutrient. It is the best way to describe sun lights effects on the body.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29546369

I am not certain what the effects on those suffering from Addison’s disease would be but they produce it in excess. Excess a-msh can cause a loss of appetite even cause nausea and vomiting, weakness, hypotenion and liver fibrosis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2855222

Brain Nutriuretic Peptide

Brain Nutriuretic Peptide – is a hormone secreted in heart muscle cells. It reduces blood pressure, it reduces renal sodium reabsorption and increases the break down of fats. It reduces the release of aldosterone in the adrenal cortex. Aldosterone causes a reabsorption of salt and water into the body and a loss of potassium which results in high blood pressure. Those with Addison’s disease and chronic fatigue syndrome were found to have the opposite problem they have too much BNP in their bodies.

http://www.yourhormones.info/hormones/aldosterone/

https://openheart.bmj.com/content/4/2/e000697

BNP is released during strokes to protect the brain from injury.

http://jaha.ahajournals.org/content/6/12/e007329

Oldly enough high BNP levels increases the risk of high blood pressure in men but not women. It is released when the arteries start hardening, most likely to try and protect the body. Most know by now hardening of the arteries is caused by oxidative stress and inflammation. So high BNP levels would indicate a problem that needs addressed. I do need to research this more because I could not find much information on decreasing or increasing BNP safely.

http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/hypertensionaha/41/4/978.full.pdf

https://academic.oup.com/cardiovascres/article/51/3/489/369493

Those who are deficient in BNP are more succeptable to fibrosis and lung disease.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16415273

https://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/mmr.2016.5400

BNP is also a contributing factor to the myocarditis caused by endotoxins.

https://ccforum.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/cc2890

Studies have shown that issues in the renal system can effect BNP levels. Most issues with the renal system are caused by toxins or infections, sometimes a lack of certain microbiotia in the gut.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1527-5299.2007.06478.x

http://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/23/7/1198.full

BNP increases cortisol and catecholamine levels. There are adaptogenic herbs that reduce cortisol but not sure if they would help with this.

https://www.physiology.org/doi/pdf/10.1152/japplphysiol.00360.2016

Things that reduce BNP also reduces cortisol so I would say there is a feedback loop between the two and reducing cortisol would reduce BNP and vice versa.

Things that raise BNP are excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, sleep deprivation, NSAIDs, oxidative stress, inflammation. So reducing oxidative stress, meditate and do other things to reduce stress, get plenty of sleep, stop smoking if you smoke, consume alcohol in moderation, use natural methods of reducing inflammation instead of NSAIDs shoulld reduce BNP and cortisol.

Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide

Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide is another mechanism the body uses to protect itself. It is released during pain or other stimuli that can indicate harm to the body. Is is found in the nerves throughout the body. It is released during inflammation in nerves and from activation of the capsaicin receptors in the gastrointestinal system. It is a vasodilator so can reduce blood pressure and prevent cardiovascular disease. If too high in the body it can cause high systolic blood pressure. It also causes head aches if levels are too high. Raise levels cause the nerves to become sensitive. Serotonin reduces CGRP. Low estrogen causes a rise in CGRP and is why many experience headaches around the time of their menstruations. Things that contain phytoestrogens may help with this.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3620010/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128010280001719

I do not recommend trying to increase CGRP because substance P is usually high in those with endotoxemia and it increases the potency of substance P.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/000689939290812N

It inhibits the inflammation caused by endotoxins.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16317392

CGRP helps protect the lungs from injury.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28560441

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12749828

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28413467

It may be involved in bone repair.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/jor.20406

If levels are too high there are natural inhibitors. Proanthocyanidins increases serrotonin which reduces CGRP. Avoid capsaicin it is a CGRP activator.

http://www.simplywellmigrainerelief.com/2017/02/03/cgrp-antagonistic-plants-natural-migraine-relief/

Mast Cells

Mast cells are one of the bodies first responses to an invader even in parasite invasions. They accomplish this through extracellular trap formation. They also release antimicrobial agents. Some pathogens like tuberculosis have developed strategies to avoid destruction by mast cells. Lyme is another infection that has developed more strategies to evade the immune system the HIV.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5643406/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25114115

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29892297

http://www.pnas.org/content/115/16/E3788.long

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4469150/

Under normal conditions mast cells will reduce inflammation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28471519

When endotoxin levels get high then mast cells start to break down which causes high histamine levels. This results in allergies and sensitivities.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22581748

Because some pathogens can evade the effects of mast cells in removing them it can set off mast cell activation syndrome or mastocytosis. Both disorders are very similar and difficult to tell appart.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5112577/

Description of mastocytosis. Symptoms can be skin rashes or lesions, difficulty breathing, swelling under the skin or in the mucous membranes, diarrhea, low blood pressure, bloating, Inhibiting inflammation, cox, and reducing histamines helps resolve this. I have mentioned in the links at the beginning of this article things that help reduce histamines and on another post I did no gut microbiome I mention probiotics that will reduce histamines. The symptoms of Mastocytosis and mast cell activation syndrome are similar and how to resolve it are the same.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6002427/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3122143/

Because LPS causes leaky gut it can result in mast cell activation , which leads to food intolerance and allergies. This in turn can lead to many metabolic issues.

https://healinghistamine.com/leaky-gut-the-mast-cell-histamine-crohns-disease-connection/

https://chriskresser.com/could-your-histamine-intolerance-really-be-mast-cell-activation-disorder/

Proenkephalin and Kyotorphin

proenkephalin an kyotorphin are neuroactive dipeptides that plays a major role in pain regulation in the brain. They release met-enkephalin which has opioid like effects. Low levels of kyotorphin causes persistent pain. It also reduces inflammation similar to how steroids do.

Has effects of endotoxin induced inflammation similar to how steroids would.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00007

They are neuroprotective

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28127286

Kyotorphin levels have been found to be low in those with alzheimers.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24198785

kyotorphin has antimicrobial properties.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X12005128?via%3Dihub

Oxygen deprivation stimulates the release of kyotorphin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29635654

Met-enkephalin reduces symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29261263

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28647454

hypothalamus-adrenal-axis regulates met-enkephalin so it is important to reduce inflammation, histamines, and toxins because they can have a negative impact on them. Vaccinations, farm chemicals, fluoride and drugs, especially fluoroquinolone have been shown to disrupt the HPA axis. Stress and lack of sleep also disrupt the HPA axis. Thiamin deficiency can have a negative impact on the HPA axis and glyphosate causes many nutrient deficiencies. Many of us are in very stressful situations we cannot get out of, we must learn to remain calm because it will effect the HPA access. I know it can be difficult but if we don’t win that battle we will lose the long term battle.

https://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/isez/fb/2017/00000065/00000004/art00004?crawler=true&mimetype=application/pdf

https://bengreenfieldfitness.com/article/brain-articles/how-to-fix-hpa-axis-dysfunction/

http://ndnr.com/anxietydepressionmental-health/optimizing-the-hpa-axis/

Those who are G6PD deficient or have certain metabolic issues would get ill from the foods that contain thiamine so they may have to supplement thiamine until they have corrected those issues.

https://draxe.com/thiamine-foods/

Melatonin

Melatonin – is one of the bodies most powerful antioxidants. It is produced in the pineal gland. It regulates our sleep wake cycles. It is a powerful anti-inflammatory. It also regulates our blood pressure. It can be found in our food. Foods that contain it are bananas, grapes, rice, grains, plums, olive oil, pineapple, and oranges. I do not believe in taking things orally because often times taking things orally can disrupt the bodies ability to produce the substance so I try my best to stimulate the production or find food sources. Inflammation disrupts the production of melatonin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5666183/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4754670/

Those who are G6PD deficient or have certain metabolic issues would get ill from the foods that contain thiamine so they may have to supplement thiamine.

https://draxe.com/thiamine-foods/

Melatonin helps prevent endometriosis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6015458/

Over consumption of alcohol causes leaky gut, we know leaky gut raises endotoxin levels. This leads to a reduction in metatonin.

https://www.physiology.org/doi/abs/10.1152/ajpgi.00002.2015

We know inflammation, toxins , stress, and many other things cause oxidative stress which cause high hydrogen peroxide levels. Melatonin reduces oxidative stress. Hydrogen peroxide causes severe damage throughout the body including the blood brain barrier which makes the brain succeptable to injury and infection.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0891584995001013

Unnatural light especially blue light like what is emitted by computer and cell phone screens disrupts our ability to produce melatonin. Sunlight stimulates melatonin production. Many things have cause magnesium deficiency which is needed to produce melatonin. Over farming has depleted nutrients from the soil, glyphosate and glufonisate chelate minerals from the soil, they are chemicals used in modern day farming.

https://www.institutefornaturalhealing.com/2015/05/5-natural-ways-to-boost-melatonin-production/

http://www.naturallivingideas.com/boost-melatonin/

https://www.sepalika.com/living-well/benefits-of-melatonin/

There are many benefits to getting sunlight in moderation.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2290997/

Norepinephrine, also known as Noradrenaline.

Norepinephrine – it is an amino acid derivative that functions as a hormone and neurol transmitter. It is produced in the adrenal glands and an area of the brain stem that is responsible for our responses to stress and panic. It functions to mobilize the body to action. It rises when we wake and in the presence of danger or stress. It enhances memory retrieval . Too much norepinenphrine causes restlessness and anxiety. It increases heart rate and triggers the release of glucose. It increases blood flow to the muscles. It reduces blood flow to the gastrointestinal system and inhibits bladder voiding. So it can cause inhibited digestion and difficulty voiding the bladder when levels are high. Norepinephrine prevents low blood pressure. Low levels of norepinephrine have been tied to depression and ADHD. So we can see how we need to reach homeostasis with norepinephrine because it has dramatic effects throughout the body. Metabolic issues can prevent it from being produced or prevent it’s break down. So if we have high or low levels we must address metabolic issues especially phenylketonuria.

https://breakingmuscle.com/fitness/understanding-our-adrenal-system-norepinephrine

Norepinephrine helps protect from sepsis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25277635

Low norepinephrine has been linked to depression, impaired thinking, physical weakness, chronic fatigue syndrome, and fibromaylgia. High norepinephrine has been linked to increased attention, increased awareness, anxiety, restlessness, paranoia, increased heart rate, hypertension, reduced sensitivity to pain, ADHD, depression and difficulty digesting foods and difficulty urinating. There are ways discussed in this article to reduce or raise levels. Though the effects it has is incorrect in this article. Many sites state these things but when I read the research the effects I mentioned above is what the research has shown. So they may be correct on how to lover or raise levels but many sites are incorrect on the effects of norepinephrine.

Tryptophan and tyrosine are used to produce norepinephrine. I used this when my myocarditis was at it’s worse and I had severe POTS.

http://www.a1b2c3.com/Neurotransmitters-Norepinephrine-001.html

https://universityhealthnews.com/daily/depression/surprising-research-challenges-our-understanding-of-norepinephrine-deficiency/

https://healthyliving.azcentral.com/natural-ways-improve-serotonin-norepinephrine-production-4930.html

Low norepinephrine increases risk of dying from sepsis.

https://journals.lww.com/ajnonline/Fulltext/2017/07000/Norepinephrine_Shortage_Led_to_Increased_Deaths.9.aspx

This is where those with interstitial cystitis would not benefit from this because of the effects it has on blocking the ability to void the bladder.

https://www.openanesthesia.org/norepinephrine_cv_effects/

Endotoxins cause BH4 to upregualte to protect the brain. This can result in high sulfite levels in the body which can cause problems.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006899318300660?via%3Dihub

Hawthorne leaves and fruit have many healing abilities and have been shown to help with endotoxemia.

https://www.nature.com/articles/aps20167

Horsweed

 

Conyza Canadensis

Used to be known as Erigeron Canadensis. It has a somewhat hot taste like black pepper. I like the taste but I think it is better to use as a spice. Many use it in place of tarragon. I do not know what tarragon taste like so cannot comment on that. I used to grow it now I try and manage it. It does not take much for it to get away from you and overtake things. Some call it Horseweed, some call it mares tail. Is resistant to glyphosate so be careful where you forage it.

https://www.ediblewildfood.com/horseweed.aspx

http://www.eattheweeds.com/conyza-canadensis-herb-fire-food-2/

It helps fight cancer and reduces oxidative stress.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26846256

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21294076

Kills flukes.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26695200

Phytochemicals, wow has some good ones.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23270230

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21954558

https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/cpb/50/12/50_12_1558/_article

Has anti-inflammatory effects, possibly by upregulating heme oxygenase-1 expression.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4122705/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19521071

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3725873

Prevents blood clotting.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21172723

http://www.elis.sk/index.php?page=shop.product_details&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=625&category_id=28&option=com_virtuemart&vmcchk=1&Itemid=1

Fights parasites and fungus.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22612410

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23049473

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21054146

Antibacterial.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22623891

Seems it may help with adrenal fatigue.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20121251

Reduces oxidative stress, and decreases CO2 generation in platelets.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16973495

Arugula another super food.

 

 

arugulaEruca Sativa

This is not medical advice and should not be taken as such. This is for informational and educational purposes. If in doubt don’t, know a plant before you use it.

I found out about this plant by accident. I strange weed started growing in my garden. I posted it in a plant ID group on Facebook and they identified it as Arugula. I tasted it and it had a pleasant taste. Not only that I have Lyme and was having a bad day, after eating it I felt better so decided to find out more about it. I eat it in salads and on pizza but I have heard that it taste good added to dishes you would add oregano to like spaghetti.

https://www.nutrition-and-you.com/arugula.html

https://draxe.com/arugula-salad/

It would help those who have myocarditis or thrombosis it prevents blood clotting. It is probably why it made me feel better because I have Lyme carditis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4277002/

It helps with neurological issues and would help with autoimmunity because it restores function of IL-10 which Lyme and HIV inhibit.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5928599/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25837274

Arugula helps prevent cancer.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4442471/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X11000657?via%3Dihub

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4065051/

http://journal.waocp.org/?sid=Entrez:PubMed&id=pmid:26745094&key=2015.16.18.8411

High in antioxidants so it improves skin barrier function.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ptr.5138

It contains Isorhamnetin which is also found in onions and other spices. It is renoprotective.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4840710/

Phytochemicals

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf052756t

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17590871

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27816826

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22369966

It chelates the bad iron from the body and reduces reactive oxygen species.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5701420/

It inhibits urease which would help with gastric ulcers. It would also help lower ammonia levels in the body.

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2156587214527452?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3Dpubmed&

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2675085/

Reduces Quinone which would help with sepsis, detox issues, a leaky blood brain barrier and hormone issues.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27523193

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4312139/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5241708/

Would help protect from vaccine injury and other toxins. Protects the thyroid.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17207565

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3153205/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11356-017-8671-8

http://journal.waocp.org/?sid=Entrez:PubMed&id=pmid:26320454&key=2015.16.14.5801

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28913779

It is high in Erucin

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27087163

Helps with diabetes.

https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/12829

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13880209.2017.1280687

Reduces inflammation because it is high in isothiocyanites.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22453842

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5037733/

Velvet Leaf Plant

Abutilon Theophrasti

This is not medical advice I am posting this for information and educational purposes and should not be taken as medical advice. If in doubt don’t make certain of a plant before you use it.

I have eaten the seeds but no other parts. This plant is new to me. I know it is Roundup ready because I have seen it in field that had been sprayed by Glyphosate containing products so be careful where you forage it. They can overtake a crop and can reduce production. The fiber is used to make rope. I have seen sites that claimed the seeds can remain viable in the soil for many many years. So when I forage them for the seeds I pull the whole plant out because I get them from a friend who grows his crops organically and uses no harmful chemicals.

http://www.eattheweeds.com/velvet-leaf-fiber-and-food/

https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/abutilon/theophrasti/

The leaves have antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. The leaves also reduce hydroxy radicals.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872602/

http://www.ptfarm.pl/pub/File/Acta_Poloniae/2017/3/881.pdf

Contain Hibiscuslide C which is antifungal.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23816874

The flowers are high in flavoniods.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16161355

Sumac, no it is not poisonous.

Rhus Typhina

This is not medical advice and should not be taken as such. If you are not certain don’t, do not use a plant if you do not know it. Make certain of thing you plan on eating or using.

No it is not poisonous. It is very tasty it taste like lemon aid but does not have the bitter after taste. It has many health benefits. The poison sumac is not in the same family. There are many in the Rhus family which is the sumac family. The one I will be talking about is Rhus Typhina which is known as Staghorn Sumac. There are a few other species in my area but Staghorn Sumac has the lowest oxalate levels. The sumac berry of all species is very high in nutrients. It grows very quickly and spreads through the roots or seeds so be careful where you plant it. Since the nutrient content of most of the rhus are the same I will list studies for a variety from the rhus family and it would most likely apply to R. Typhina.

http://www.valuefood.info/61/health-benefits-of-sumac/

Many cultures have used Sumac berries in their cooking and there are many recipes on the internet on using them in your cooking.

https://www.easylebaneserecipes.com/sumac-health-benefits-in-your-food/

Phytochemicals.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23850248

Helps prevent Parkinson’s Disease.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28419945

Helps break up biofilms.

https://www.spandidos-publications.com/mmr/16/1/949

Fights cancer

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4758048/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4532997/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5599689/

High in gallic acid which protects our DNA.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19022266

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5731335/

Helps with diabetes.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4232791/

Lowers oxLDL levels

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4269531/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29425477

Stimulates PON1 which helps with detoxing and diabetes.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4274568/

Neuroprotective

http://www.mdpi.com/2227-9059/6/2/48

Scavenges reactive oxygen species. Reduces oxidative stress. Which would relax the blood vessels and lower blood pressure.

https://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0029-1185797